Ethnic and cultural diversity is high in South Omo Administration Zone where there are 16 nationalities. The peoples have diverse and unspoiled cultures and life styles, body decorations, dress, and jewellery. Each of the tribes have their own wedding, burial, and religious ceremonies. Some are renown for their special cotton cloths, weaving, making bracelets, necklaces, earrings and beads. The stone and wood carving techniques of the Konso people are very impressive and attractive
Visit the Great Rift Valley lakes of Abijiatta and Shalla, the bird paradise; and Langano beach excursions areas. Lake Hawasa is a beautiful place for recreation and popular for its fish market.
Arbaminich is the starting point to see the people of the Omo Valley. The tour also covers lake Chiamo, a favourite spot for crocodiles and hippopotamuses. Nearby are the Dorze people, who are known for their tall beehive-like houses and fine cotton weaves.
Visit Mursi tribe: the Mursi are best known for their famous lip plate. A slit is cut beneath a woman lower lip, creating a small hole between the lip and the tissue below. Over the next year, this gap is progressively stretched, forming a “lip loop” large enough for a small circular clay plate, indented like a pulley, to be inserted between the lip and the mouth. As the lip stretches, so the plate is replaced with a larger one, a process that is repeated until eventually the gap is large enough to hold a clay plate of perhaps 150 mm in diameter, large enough for her to place her distended lip loop over her head. The larger the lip plate a woman has, the greater her value for marriage. A very large loop might fetch a bride-price of 50-head of cattle.
Hamar: the most important event in Hamar society is the Bull Jumping ceremony, the culmination of a three-day initiation ceremony that is normally held before the long rains, between late February and early April. The third day begins with the women getting drunk in preparation to be beaten with sticks. These beatings are by choice, and show devotion to the male who will be jumping. The women rarely scream, but instead taunt the men to hit them harder resulting in wounds, bleeding, gashes and later scarring. During late afternoon as many as 30 bulls are lined up in a row – six to eight bulls more common today – and men jump over them to prove their virility and fitness for marriage.
Visit Omorate and cross the Omo River by local boat to visit the Dasennech tribe
The Karo people are the smallest in number of all of the tribes of the Omo Valley, and they are known for their elaborate decorations, particularly during local ceremonies
The Konso people are known for their totems erected in honor of the dead and their intricate agricultural terracing techniques. The Southern route is usually 7 to 10 days. It can be combined with other tour routes